What is CANCER: Complete Guide with 50+ FAQs

Table of Contents

What is cancer?

Cancer is not one disease. It is a group of more than 100 different & distinctive diseases. Cancer term is an abnormal growth of cells that tend to proliferate in an unchecked way and, in some cases, to metastasize (spread).

Cancer can involve any tissue of the body and have many different forms. In Greek, these words refer to a crab, most likely applied to the disease because the finger-like spreading projections from cancer called to mind the shape of a crab. Hippocrates used the terms carcinomas. Around 400 B.C.

Hippocrates is said to have named masses of cancerous cells karkinos — Greek for crab. Cancer-specific chemicals might circulate throughout the body. Cancer raises polyamine levels, and they do have a distinct odor.

Metastasis of Cancer:

Cancer is NOT a contagious disease. Cancer cells from one person are generally unable to live in the body of another healthy person. Close contact or things like sex, kissing, touching, sharing meals, or breathing the same air may not spread cancer from one person to another.

Signs of Cancer:

What are the 7 warning signs of cancer? Some warning signs are:

  • A sore that does not heal.
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Indigestion.
  • Obvious change in a wart or mole.
  • Nagging cough or hoarseness.
  • Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge.

The leading preventable causes of cancer:

What are the Leading But Preventable Causes Of Cancer?

  1. Cigarette smoking- 19 percent of cancer cases and 28.8 percent of deaths.
  2. Obesity and overweight – 7.8 percent of cases and 6.5 percent of deaths.
  3. Alcohol intake – 5.6 percent of cases and 4 percent of deaths.
  4. Ultraviolet radiation – 4.7 percent of cases and 1.5 percent of deaths.
  5. Lack of exercise – 2.9 percent of cases and 2.2 percent of deaths.
  6. Low fruit and vegetable intake – 1.9 percent of cases and 2.7 percent of deaths.
  7. HPV infection – 1.8 percent of cases and 1.1 percent of deaths.

Can Dogs Sense Cancer?

Dogs can detect cancer attracted widespread coverage in the media. According to a report by the Huffington Post, studies have suggested that dogs may be able to detect lung cancer, breast cancer melanoma, bladder cancer. Studies also suggested that dogs can be trained to detect cancer in 93% of cases.

Why do you have to flush the toilet twice after chemo?

Flush the toilet twice after using it because the medication stays in your body for about 48 hours after treatment. It could harm healthy people in your house. This makes sure to get rid of all your body fluids and waste after chemotherapy.

Can drinking water prevent cancer?

American Cancer Society suggests drinking at least 8 cups of liquid a day. Drinking plenty of water and other liquids may dilute the concentration of cancer-causing agents in urine. Thus the risk of bladder cancer can be reduced by flushing cancer agents through the bladder faster.

Is Chicken bad for cancer patients?

Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are considered potent causes of breast, lung, colon, stomach, and prostate cancer. When meat, chicken, and fish are overcooked at high temperatures for a long time, natural reactions in the food can produce HCAs.

Is Apple good for cancer patients?

Various antioxidants are found in apples. An antioxidant, called procyanidins, triggers a series of cell signals that result in cancer cell death. So Apple is good in cancer prevention.

Is banana good for a cancer patients?

Eating ripe bananas will not stop you from getting cancer. The darker the patches, the higher the banana’s ability to boost your immunity and lower the risk of cancer”.

Is honey good for cancer patients?

Published studies thus far have shown that honey improves immune status, has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties and promotes healing of chronic ulcers and wounds, and scavenge toxic free radicals. Recently honey has been shown to have anti-cancer properties in cell cultures and animal models.

Does cancer feed on sugar?

Myth: People with cancer should not eat sugar, since it can cause cancer to grow faster. Fact: Sugar doesn’t make cancer grow faster. All cells including cancer cells depend on blood sugar/glucose for energy. But giving more sugar to cancer cells doesn’t speed up their growth.

Can you kiss after chemo?

While during chemotherapy, it is safe to touch other people (including hugging or kissing). Anyhow special care is needed to protect others from contact with the medication. Follow the safety measures while you are taking your chemotherapy and for two days after you have finished.

Is Lemon Juice Good for cancer?

Citrus fruits such as lemons contain compounds that may be beneficial in combating some types of cancer.

Which fruit is best for cancer patients?

The best food for cancer patients include:

  • Apples.
  • Berries.
  • Carrots.
  • Cruciferous vegetables.
  • Fatty fish.
  • Legumes.
  • Supplements and medications.
  • Walnuts

How to fight cancer mentally?

  1. Be Positive.
  2. Be Relaxed.
  3. Be as Active as You Can.
  4. Express Your Internal Feelings.
  5. Search Such Things That Give You Happiness.
  6. Never Blame Yourself for Your Disease.
  7. You Choose When to Talk about Your Cancer.

Can you kiss during chemotherapy?

During chemotherapy and for a short time afterward, avoid open-mouth kissing where saliva is exchanged. Because saliva may contain chemotherapy drugs. Ask your doctor or nurse how long you need to avoid open-mouth kissing, as it depends on what type of chemotherapy you receive.

Can Cancer Patients Smoke Weed?

Many ancient Hindus of India and Nepal used Cannabis as a drug. Many people used Marijuana as a sense of addiction, treatment, or enjoyment.

However, studies show that smoking marijuana may be harmful to the lungs. It may also develop certain types of cancer. Medical dispensaries are now promoting edibles, which are foods containing THC extract mixed in with butter, for patients with a medical marijuana license. Instead of having to smoke marijuana, patients have the option to eat foods containing marijuana. The effects of edibles are longer-lasting than the effects of inhalation.

Although usage of marijuana is known to be safe if taken correctly as prescription medicine, it also has its drawbacks of causing certain side effects when smoked and inhaled through the lungs.

It may cause heart disease through its effects of rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure. In addition, it may weaken one’s immune system, thus making one’s body more vulnerable in fighting such infections and diseases.

When marijuana is used to treat depression in controlling withdrawals, it can backfire and cause more depression when one is not accessible to the drug.

Smoking Weed may interact with medicines and cause many side effects. So, It’s better to consult your doctor about taking weeds.

Can coconut cure cancer?

Lauric acid, a component of coconut oil, has been found to inhibit the growth of colon cancer cells. Virgin coconut oil could reduce the side effects of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.

Do olives fight cancer? Is olive oil good for cancer patients?

Olives are very high in vitamin E and also contain other powerful antioxidants. Studies show that they may protect against osteoporosis and cancer.
Eating a healthy diet with olive oil can considerably lower cancer incidence. Research studies have shown that olive oil reduces the risk of breast cancer.

Does coffee fight cancer? Is coffee bad for cancer patients?

For most types of cancer, coffee appears either to decrease the risk of cancer or to have no effect on cancer risk at all. Coffee is made from beans that contain antioxidants, which have a protective effect against cancer. Researchers have conducted more than 1,000 studies looking at this question, with mixed results. Some early studies seemed to show that coffee might increase the risk of some cancer types. In countries with a very high intake of caffeine from coffee, such as Scandinavian countries, research does not support a link between coffee or caffeine and cancer risk.

Does cancer make you tired?

If you spend all of your time thinking that you are tired, then this will worsen your cancer. Fatigue is real and has a big impact on your life. But it is more likely to be a side effect of treatment, or because cancer can cause fatigue.

How To Avoid Getting cancer? Are There Some Cancer Prevention Measures?

Top 10 cancer-prevention tips:

  1. Eat a healthy diet.
  2. Don’t use Alcohol.
  3. Don’t use tobacco.
  4. Protect yourself from the direct sunlight.
  5. Get vaccinated.
  6. Maintain a healthy weight.
  7. Get regular medical care.
  8. Be physically active.
  9. Avoid risky behaviors.
  10. Avoid Taking Drugs.

What are the major signs of cancer?

Cancer Signs and Symptoms:

  • Hoarseness.
  • Unexpected weight loss,
  • Obvious change in a wart or a mole.
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge.
  • Continued itching in the anal or genital area.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Persistent lumps or swollen glands.
  • Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
  • Night sweats, or fever.

Can you die of cancer without knowing it?

Cancer is curable when detected early. Cancer is the second most common cause of death after heart disease. Although some cancers develop completely without symptoms, the disease can be particularly damaging if you ignore symptoms. What is the most effective treatment for cancer?

Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. But most people have a combination of treatments:

  • Such as surgery with
  • chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy,
  • targeted therapy,
  • immunotherapy,
  • or hormone therapy.

How to take care of a cancer patient?

  1. Educate yourself. …
  2. Find a trustable cancer team.
  3. Stay organized.
  4. Follow your loved one’s lead.
  5. Keep your loved one’s physician informed.
  6. Remind your loved one that you care him/her well.
  7. Accept your loved one’s bad days.
  8. Take a break from cancer.How to talk to a cancer patient?

7 Points To Remember When Talking With Someone Who Has Cancer:

  1. Practice active listening.
  2. Talk about topics other than cancer.
  3. Make sure if it is okay to give advice.
  4. Be honest about your feelings but do not overburden.
  5. Choose your words with care.
  6. Show support without words.
  7. Use cautions when asking questions. 

What is chemotherapy treatment for cancer?

The word chemotherapy means drugs used for cancer treatment while Chemotherapy is the use of any drug to treat any disease. It’s often shortened to just “chemo.” Surgery and radiation therapy have limited action mechanisms i.e., these remove, kill, or damage cancer cells in a certain area, but chemo can work throughout the body.

Can chemo kill you?

Chemotherapy can do a lot more than treatment of cancer. The drugs are powerful enough that they may destroy normal healthy cells. While most side effects clear up shortly after treatment ends, some may continue well after chemotherapy has ended.

Can cancer return during chemotherapy?

Cancer may sometimes recur after cancer drug treatment or radiotherapy. Cells that were resting when you had your first treatment, maybe dividing when you have your next treatment.

But it is unlikely that any chemotherapy treatment will kill every single cancer cell in the human body.

Does Chemo/Chemotherapy shrink cancer tumors?

Before surgery or radiation therapy Chemo may be used to shrink a tumor. Chemo used in this way is called neoadjuvant therapy. It may be used after surgery or radiation therapy to help kill any remaining cancer cells. … It may also be used with other treatments if your cancer comes back.

Is Chemotherapy safe for cancer patients?

Chemotherapy can be used after other treatments, such as surgery, to kill any cancer cells that might remain in the patient’s body. In some cases, a few cycles of chemotherapy may be given first. Certain chemo drugs (called radiosensitizers) help the radiation work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to radiation. The drawback of getting chemo and radiation together is that side effects are often worse.

Radiation therapy does not kill cancer cells right away. At high doses, radiation therapy kills cancer cells or slows their growth by damaging their DNA. It takes days or weeks of treatment before DNA is damaged enough for cancer cells to die.

Skin cancers are the most common forms of cancer in the world. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun can lead to melanoma and other skin malignancies. Ultraviolet radiation, especially the non-ionizing medium wave UVB, can cause most non-melanoma skin cancers.

Most people feel little to no discomfort during treatment. But some may experience weakness or nausea from the anesthesia. Internal radiation therapy treatments may require a brief hospital stay. You may need anesthesia to block the awareness of pain while the radioactive sources are placed in the body.

What is the most deadly form of cancer?

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is deadlier than Hodgkin lymphoma and is expected to kill more than 20,000 people in 2010. Liver cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer around the world but is uncommon in the USA.

 Malignant tumors tend to grow faster than benign tumors. Cancer cells form when DNA abnormalities cause a gene to behave abnormally than it should. They can grow into nearby tissue, spread through the bloodstream or lymph system, and spread throughout the body.

Age and Cancer Risk:

One-quarter of new cancer cases are diagnosed in people aged 65 to 74. A similar pattern is seen for many common cancer types. For example, the median age at diagnosis is 61 years for breast cancer, 68 years for colorectal cancer, 70 years for lung cancer, and 66 years for prostate cancer.

The reasons for DNA changes that cause most childhood cancers are not known. Some may have outside causes like radiation exposure, and others may have causes that have not yet been found.

How would u know if you have cancer?

Your doctor may use one or more approaches to diagnose cancer:

  1. Physical exam: Your doctor may feel areas of your body for lumps that may indicate a tumor.
  2. Laboratory tests: Laboratory tests, such as urine and blood tests, may help your doctor identify abnormalities that can be caused by cancer.
  3. Imaging tests.
  4. Biopsy. 

Can cancer spread while on chemo?

Chemotherapy is used to kill cancer cells and stop tumors from growing. A study suggests it could help the disease spread, leading to more aggressive forms of cancer.

Do blood tests detect cancer?

Examples of blood tests used to diagnose cancer include Complete blood count (CBC). This common blood test measures the number of various types of blood cells in a sample of your blood. Blood cancers may be detected using this test if too many or too few of a type of blood cell or abnormal cells are found.

What cancer kills the most?

Best Answer: The Deadliest Cancers and Why There’s No Cure

  1. Lung and bronchial cancer: 792,495 lives.
  2. Colon and rectal cancer: 268,783 lives.
  3. Breast cancer: 206,983 lives.
  4. Pancreatic cancer: 162,878 lives.
  5. Prostate cancer: 144,926 lives.
  6. Leukemia: 108,740 lives.
  7. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: 104,407 lives.
  8. Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer: 79,773 lives.

How does cancer make you feel?

Cancer may also cause symptoms like fever, extreme tiredness (fatigue), or weight loss. Some lung cancers make hormone-like substances that raise blood calcium levels which affect nerves and muscles, making the person feel weak and dizzy.

What does cancer fatigue feel like?

Cancer-related fatigue is not the tired feeling people remember having before they had cancer. The fatigue that comes with cancer is called cancer-related fatigue. It is different from the fatigue of daily life. Some may feel too tired to eat, walk to the bathroom, or even use the TV remote. It can be hard to think or move even.

 When cancer grows and harms tissue nearby, it can cause pain in those areas. Cancer-related tests, treatments, and surgery can also cause aches and discomfort. You may also feel the pain that has nothing to do with cancer, like normal headaches and tight muscles. Cancerous lumps are often hard and painless however some may be painful. Not all lumps are cancer, though. There are several benign breast conditions like cysts that can also cause lumps. Still, it’s important to have your doctor check out any new lump or mass.

Most cancer pain is caused by the tumor pressing on bones, nerves, or other organs in the body. Sometimes the pain is due to cancer treatment. For example, some chemotherapy drugs can cause numbness and tingle in your hands and feet.

Common Causes of Cancer

The substances that cause cancer are called carcinogens. A carcinogen may be a chemical substance, such as certain molecules in tobacco smoke. The cause of cancer may be environmental agents, viral or genetic factors.

  • Smoking and Tobacco.
  • Diet and Physical Activity.
  • Sun and Other Types of Radiation.
  • Viruses and Other Infections. 

What foods cause cancer?

  • Alcohol,
  • artificial sweeteners,
  • Burnt or barbecued foods,
  • Cured, pickled or salty foods,
  • Peanuts,

Quick Answer: What is the fruit that cures cancer?

Soursop fruit

Practitioners of herbal medicine use soursop fruit and Graviola tree leaves to treat stomach ailments, fever, parasitic infections, hypertension, and rheumatism. It is used as a sedative, also. But claims of the fruit’s anti-cancer properties have attracted the most attention.

Foods That Could Lower Your Risk of Cancer

What foods kill cancer cells?

  • Broccoli,
  • Carrots. Eating more carrots is linked to a decreased risk of certain types of cancer.
  • Berries,
  • Cinnamon,
  • Beans. Beans are high in fiber, which some studies have found may help protect against colorectal cancer.
  • Nuts,
  • Olive Oil,
  • Turmeric.

Do cancer cells die?  Which cancer is not curable?

If the cancer cells are unable to divide, they die. The faster that cancer cells divide, the more likely it is that chemotherapy will kill the cells, causing the tumor to shrink. They also induce cell suicide (apoptosis).

Although there is no cure for cancer yet. But detection of the disease at an early stage can significantly improve a person’s health. The cancers with the highest 5-year relative survival rates include melanoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and breast, prostate, testicular, cervical, and thyroid cancer.

What is the rarest cancer?

Rare cancers include cancers you may have heard of, including thyroid cancer, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and mouth cancer.

Very rare cancers are those that affect fewer than 1 in 100,000 people each year. There are 198 different types of rare cancer.

Quick Answer: What cancer is most deadly?

Pancreas – 19,480 male deaths in 2013

It is one of the most dangerous types of cancer. Because pancreatic cancer progresses rapidly, no method of early detection has been discovered. The one-year survival rate is 25 percent, and the five-year survival rate sits at only 6 percent.

What is the life expectancy of cancer patient?

The life expectancy for a specific type of cancer is often reported as a five-year survival rate. This doesn’t mean that survivors only live five more years. It simply means that the study followed participants for that long. Also, the concern about cancer recurring lessens after five years.

How does cancer kill?

Untreated cancer commonly causes death. In contrast, cancer treatment often saves lives. Cancer kills by invading key organs such as the intestines, lungs, brain, liver, and kidneys. It also interferes with body functions that are necessary to live. When cancer is found and treated early, it can be cured.

Is there a Stage 5 cancer?

There are different types of staging systems for different cancers, but the most common is the numbered cancer stage system.

Numbered cancer stage system identifies 5 possible stages:

Stage 0 – Cancer cells that are still in the location where they started and have not spread.

Stage 4 – Cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.

Can you survive Stage 5 cancer?

Your doctor may be able to give you more specific statistics based on your stage of the disease. The five-year survival rate for people diagnosed with late-stage lung cancer that has spread (metastasized) to other areas of the body is 5 percent.

How long does cancer take to kill you?

Not all cancers cause death. Overall, more than 50% of people diagnosed with cancer live for more than 5 years. Some cancers have survival rates of more than 90%. Cancer at an early stage does not kill you. So a lot of effort is put into early diagnosis when treatment is likely to work at its best.

What is Stage 4 cancer life expectancy?

According to the National Cancer Institute, an estimated 27 % of people in the United States live at least five years after being diagnosed with stage 4 breast cancer. In other words, your long-term outlook may be better if your cancer has only spread to your bones than if it’s found in your bones and lungs.

Stage 4 is the final mesothelioma stage. Pleural mesothelioma cancer cells may have spread into the chest wall, bones, abdomen, liver, the lining of the heart, opposite lung, or lymph nodes in the chest. This stage is often terminal. The median life expectancy for stage 4 mesothelioma is about 1 year.

Stage IV. Because stage IV stomach cancer has spread to distant organs, a cure is usually not possible. But treatment can often help keep cancer under control and help relieve symptoms.

How does cancer cause death?

Cancer is caused by an uninhibited growth of previously normal cells that expertly evade the body’s usual defense to spread, or metastasis, to other parts of the body. When cancer affects a vital organ, its function malfunctions, and this impairment can result in death.

Can cancer go away by itself?

Cancer may be controlled with treatment, meaning it might seem to go away or stay the same. Cancer may not grow or spread during treatment.

But in either of these cases, the cancer is still there – it doesn’t go away and stay away – it’s not cured.

Can children survive cancer?

In the last 40 years, the overall survival rate for children’s cancer has increased from 10% to nearly 90% today, but for many more rare childhood cancers, the survival rate is much less. 12% of children who are diagnosed with cancer do not survive.

Does lung cancer spread quickly?

The time from the development of symptoms to diagnosis is usually 90 days or less. Small-cell lung cancer spreads quickly. From 67%-75% of people who develop small cell lung cancer will have spread of cancer outside of the lung to other parts of the human body at the time of initial diagnosis.

What Are The Signs, Symptoms Of Cancer?

  1. Persistent hack or blood-tinged salivation
  2. These side effects for the most part speak to basic diseases, for example, bronchitis or sinusitis.
  3. They could be side effects of the disease of the lung, head, and neck. Anybody with an annoying hack that keeps going over a month or with blood in the bodily fluid that is hacked up should see a specialist.
  4. A change in entrail propensities
  5. Most changes in gut propensities are identified with your eating routine and liquid admission.
  6. Doctors some of the time see pencil-dainty stools with colon malignant growth.
  7. Occasionally, malignant growth shows ceaseless looseness of the bowels.
  8. Some individuals with malignant growth feel as though they need a defecation and still feel that route after they have had a solid discharge. In the event that any of these unusual entrail grumblings last in excess of a couple of days, they require assessment.
  9. A huge change in entrail propensities that can’t be effectively clarified by dietary changes should be assessed.
  10. Blood in the stool
  11. A specialist consistently ought to research blood in your stool.
  12. Hemorrhoids much of the time cause rectal dying, but since hemorrhoids are so normal, they may exist with malignant growth. In this manner, notwithstanding when you have hemorrhoids, you ought to have a specialist look at your whole intestinal tract when you have blood in your solid discharges.
  13. With a few people, X-beam studies might be sufficient to explain a determination.
  14. Colonoscopy is typically suggested. Routine colonoscopy, even without indications, is prescribed once you are 50 years of age.
  15. Sometimes when the wellspring of draining is totally clear (for instance, repetitive ulcers), these examinations may not be required.
  16. Unexplained iron deficiency (low blood check)
  17. Anemia is a condition where individuals have less than the normal number of red platelets in their blood. Paleness ought to consistently be explored.
  18. There are numerous sorts of sickliness, yet blood misfortune quite often causes iron insufficiency paleness. Except if there is a conspicuous wellspring of progressing blood misfortune, this paleness should be clarified.
  19. Many malignancies can cause pallor, yet gut tumors most normally cause iron lack frailty. Assessment ought to incorporate endoscopy or X-beam investigations of your upper and lower intestinal tracts.
  20. Breast irregularity or bosom release
  21. Most bosom irregularities are noncancerous tumors, for example, fibroadenomas or growths. Be that as it may, all bosom irregularities should be completely examined.
  22. A negative mammogram result isn’t typically adequate to assess a bosom bump. Your primary care physician needs to decide the suitable X-beam study which may incorporate a MRI or a ultrasound of the bosom.
  23. Generally, analysis requires a needle yearning or biopsy (a little tissue test).
  24. Discharge from a bosom is normal, however a few types of release might be indications of malignancy. In the event that release is grisly or from just a single areola, further assessment is suggested.
  25. Women are encouraged to direct month to month bosom self-assessments.
  26. Lumps in the balls
  27. Most men (90%) with malignant growth of the gonad have an effortless or awkward protuberance on a gonad.
  28. Some men have a broadened gonad.
  29. Other conditions, for example, diseases and swollen veins, can likewise cause changes in your balls, yet any irregularity ought to be assessed.
  30. Men are encouraged to lead month to month testicular self-assessments.
  31. A change in pee
  32. Urinary side effects can incorporate regular pee, modest quantities of pee, and moderate pee stream or a general change in bladder work.
  33. These side effects can be brought about by urinary diseases (more often than not in ladies) or, in men, by an expanded prostate organ.
  34. oMost men will experience the ill effects of innocuous prostate broadening as they age and will frequently have these urinary manifestations.
  35. These indications may likewise flag prostate disease.
  36.  Men encountering urinary indications need further examination, conceivably including blood tests and a computerized rectal test. The PSA blood test, its signs, and elucidation of results ought to be talked about with your medicinal services supplier.
  37. If malignancy is suspected, a biopsy of the prostate might be required.
  38. Cancer of the bladder and pelvic tumors can likewise cause disturbance of the bladder and urinary recurrence.
  39. Blood in the pee
  40. Hematuria or blood in the pee can be brought about by urinary disease, kidney stones, or different causes.
  41. For a few people, it is a side effect of malignant growth of the bladder or kidney.
  42. Any scene of blood in the pee ought to be explored.

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