What is Acne?

What is Acne?

Acne is a skin problem that can cause different types of bumps to form on the surface of the skin. It occurs when the pores of the skin get clogged with dead skin and oil. Acne is often triggered by hormonal changes in the body. Acne bumps can form anywhere on the body but are most common on the face, neck, back, and shoulders. These bumps include whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.

Can mobile phones or helmets cause acne?

Cell phones, telephones, helmets, tight collars, and backpacks may also play a role in developing acne on your skin. The reason is that these things may contain acne bacteria in themselves and when your skin gets in touch with them, these bacteria transfer to your skin surface.

Is pizza bad for acne?

A new study has shown that foods that have high glycemic indexes such as white rice, white bread, and pizza crust may cause acne.

How long does acne last?

Teenage acne usually lasts for 5 to 10 years, normally going away during the early 20s.

Will acne ever go away?

Almost all acne can be successfully treated. Mostly, acne will go away on its own at the end of puberty however, some people still struggle with acne even in their adulthood.

What Causes Acne? What is the root cause of acne?

Why do you get acne on your face?

Pimples most often affect the face, back, chest, and shoulders. Sebum is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. It is produced by oil glands. Your oil glands send sebum up to the skin’s surface through a thin channel called a follicle. The oil gets rid of dead skin cells by carrying them through the follicle to the surface of the skin.

Acne occurs when the skin’s pores clog up with dead skin cells, excess oil, and bacteria. Any hormonal changes such as pregnancy and menstruation can trigger excess oil. The plugged hair follicle gradually enlarges thus producing a bump called acne.

Main causes of Acne

What are the main factors that cause acne?

Four main factors that cause acne:

  1. Bacteria        
  2. Excess oil production
  3. Hormonal changes
  4. Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells

What are the signs and symptoms associated with acne?

Acne signs and symptoms:

  1. Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  2. Large, solid, and painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin
  3. Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin
  4. Pimples which are papules with pus at their tips
  5. Small red colored soft bumps
  6. Whiteheads which are closed plugged pores

Types of Acne

What are the types of acne?

There are three main types of acne:

  1. Pimples are characterized by red bumps that sometimes have a pus-filled white top. The walls of pimples are open and allow excessive oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells to get under the skin.
  2. Whiteheads are hard white bumps. They are such pores that get clogged and close but stick out of the skin’s surface.
  3. A blackhead is a small dark spot on the skin that gets clogged with excessive oil or bacteria but remains still open.

How long does it take for acne scars to fade?

They will take between 3-6 months to go away on their own however discoloration from dark marks will usually fade away over time.

Does stress cause acne?

Corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a stress-related hormone that may trigger acne or worsen the existing acne. Anyhow, stress alone is not the cause of acne pimples. Some other factors such as age, hormones, or acne-producing bacteria may cause acne.

Is milk bad for acne?

Skim milk is the most likely trigger of acne. Milk production in dairies is increased by giving artificial hormones to the cows. Thus drinking such milk may imbalance your hormones which can cause acne.

Can b12 cause acne?

Some acne-linked bacteria start pumping out inflammatory molecules in the presence of vitamin B12. These molecules promote pimples. Thus too much vitamin B12 may promote acne.

Does drinking water help acne?

Consuming water is helpful for dry skin. It is true that it moisturizes your skin and cleans up waste. However, it does not affect your oil manufacturing.

Does coffee cause acne?

Coffee does not cause acne. However, drinking a lot of coffee, especially coffee loaded with milk and sugar, can worsen your acne.

Are bananas good for acne?

Bananas contain a subsequent amount of Vitamin A, zinc, and manganese. These are anti-inflammatory agents. Banana peel is good to deal with acne. Rubbing a banana peel on your face fights acne well. Banana is also known as an anti-acne powerhouse.

Does lemon water help acne?

Drinking lemon water in the morning on an empty stomach can help manage inflammation. It balances the body by inducing an alkaline state in the body. Acidic foods or an acidic environment in the stomach may lead to acne.

What are the factors that trigger or aggravate acne?

Acne on face

Risk factors for acne include:


People of all ages can develop acne, but it is most common in teenagers, young adults, and old-aged people. It is also common in females during hormonal changes during menstruation, and pregnancy.

Certain medications:

Drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium can also cause acne.

Family history & Genetics:

If both parents had acne, you’re likely to develop it, too as genetics has a vital role in it.

Greasy or oily substances:

You may get acne if you work in a greasy work area such as a kitchen with fry vats. In such a working environment, your skin may get in contact with grease, creams, and oily substances and thus there are chances to develop acne and/or pimples.


Corticotrophin-releasing hormones are related to stress. Stress does not cause acne but it can worsen your acne.


Because of their insulin-producing effects, certain foods are considered “high-glycemic” carbohydrates. This means they’re made of simple sugars. They cause a rise in insulin levels in the blood which leads to the production of more oil by oil glands. Such a condition causes excessive oil on the surface of the skin that can then lead to clogged pores. Thus it leads to acne.

Skim milk and carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread, bagels, and fried foods may make acne worse.

Chocolate has long been related to acne. The use of chocolate worsens the symptoms of acne.

Hormonal changes:

Androgens are the hormones that cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. There is an increase in these hormones in boys and girls during puberty.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also affect sebum production.

The use of oral contraceptives may also cause acne or worsen it.

Are acne and pimples the same? Are all pimples acne?

What is the difference between acne and pimples?

The difference between acne and pimples is that acne is a disease while pimples are one of its symptoms. Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease that causes spots and pimples. It develops mainly on the face, neck, back, shoulders, chest, and upper arms. Blackheads, cysts, pimples, whiteheads, and nodules are all types of acne.

At what age does acne normally go away?

Acne commonly starts during puberty. Teenage acne usually lasts for five to 10 years and it may be worse in people who have oily skin surfaces.

Do you outgrow acne?

Teenagers are more at risk for developing acne during puberty. Most of the time, teens do grow out of acne. Once teens have gone through puberty acne goes away. The reason is that the hormone levels are balanced after puberty however, acne can return later in life for some people.

What is a powerful medicine for acne?

Isotretinoin is the strongest drug used to treat the most severe cases of acne.

Why is my acne so bad?

Acne-causing bacteria, skin oil, sticky skin cells, and changes in hormonal levels are the main causes of acne. If these factors worsen, they may aggravate your acne conditions. So, your bad acne may be due to these reasons.

What does bad acne look like?

When papules become inflamed they form tiny red or pink bumps on the skin. Picking or squeezing these sensitive pimples can make the inflammation worse and may lead to scarring. A large number of papules may indicate moderate to severe acne.

What is considered severe acne?

Severe acne is a very stubborn form of acne that causes painful breakouts called cysts and nodules. When severe acne clears, acne scars often appear. Severe acne also gives rise to blackheads, whiteheads, or both.

Why is my acne itchy?

When skin becomes dry, it is destined to itch. The most common reason for itching acne is the friction and dryness of skin cells that are the result of clogged pores.

Will cystic acne go away?

Cystic acne is a certain skin disease that doesn’t go away on its own and can last for weeks. Such type of acne is very painful and irritating for sensitive skin.

Do face makeup wipes cause acne?

No, face makeup wipes are unlikely to cause acne. Makeup wipes however leave behind dirt and grime that can cause irritation, inflammation, and swelling. This inflammation or swelling of the skin may block pores of the skin thus contributing to acne.

What deficiencies cause acne? Is vitamin D deficiency a risk factor for acne?

Vitamin D is not an official risk factor for acne.

What should I eat for clear acne-free skin?

A diet plan rich in omega-3 fatty acids may reduce inflammation and improve symptoms of acne. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids include pastured eggs, salmon, mackerel, and sardines.

How does diet affect the skin?

Certain foods affect your skin. Diet has a vital role in the freshness of the skin. Some foods increase blood sugar levels which releases the hormone insulin. High levels of insulin in the blood can cause your oil glands to produce more oil, increasing your risk of acne.

Certain foods that foods are considered “high-glycemic” carbohydrates and trigger insulin spikes include:


White rice,

White bread,


Chocolate is also believed to worsen acne.

What bacteria kill acne?

There are many risk factors associated with acne but the primary agent is bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes, or PA. Topical treatments containing benzoyl peroxide are commonly used to kill these bacteria.

What infections cause acne?

Skin infections such as boils and impetigo are caused by a staph bacteria known as Staphylococcus aureus and can be more difficult to treat.

What is an acne hole?

When deeper layers of the skin become damaged, this condition gives rise to holes in the skin which are called acne scars. Acne scars are also known as pick marks or pockmarks. Acne scars are blemishes with a concave shape that can look like indentations or holes in the surface of the skin.

Can acne holes be cured?

Mostly, acne marks that are left behind after pimples will fade without any treatment. Picking or squeezing acne can increase the risk of scarring.

Acne scars take two forms:

Scars with a gradual dip or depression are also known as “rolling scars” or atrophic scars. These are formed due to the loss of tissue.

Another type of acne scar is called “hypertrophic scars”. They are formed due to excess tissue.

What can dermatologists do for acne?

Your dermatologist may prescribe one or more of these:


Medicine that affect hormones

Isotretinoin (the only treatment that works on all things that cause acne)

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